Tag Archive: motivation

Jun 09

Course 4 week 5-Badges and the Learning Community

Google starts badges

In the following video, you can see how Google is incorporating the badging system with Google Reader.

Badging is a way to document what types of articles you have read and to help customize the Google Reader experience (at least that is what Google says).

Below is the description of badging.

Electronic badge system = scouting merit badge system?

There is some debate about how the badging system works to promote extrinsic motivation and decrease the cultivation of intrinsic motivation.  Philipp Schmid, executive director and co-founder of Peer 2 Peer University, wrote about two key points regarding the badge system in his blog post, Let’s make badges not stink:

The issue is not, “badges or no badges” The issue is how we can design badge systems that foster great learning practices. 

1 – Use badges to define roles rather than as rewards. In many learning communities users take different roles. Mitch actually mentions the importance of taking roles within a community like Scratch, but he sees roles as separate from badges. I believe that by recognizing roles – for example a mentor role – through a badge will signal to a new members of the community that mentorship is a valued practice within the community, and helps  them identify those who can help with problems and questions. And finally it may encourage users to strive to become mentors themselves. So rather than give badges as rewards they can help diffuse awareness of roles within a community.

2 – Anchor badges within community. The relationship between issuer and recipients will influence perceptions and expectations around badges. Badges that are woven into the fabric of a community of learning will be perceived less as extrinsic motivators, but as representation of core practices within the community. When the badge recipient feels ownership of the design of the badge, because she fully considers herself a member of the community that defines and issues the badge, the badge can provide an effective marker of learning pathways that help the learner to orientate herself within the landscape, and can act as a marker and pointer for new members of the community following in her steps.

In my classroom

While far from perfect, I did work on an analog version of a badge system in my classroom.  Learning Japanese can be challenging.  Student motivation can be a huge hurdle.  My challenge was, “How do you motivate/keep students motivated to take risks and put forth the effort.  This is what I came up with for use in the classroom.

Name tag (front)

Promoting the stars or badges, I explained to the students that this was a goal.  If students showed mastery of hiragana, katakana, or a certain topic, students could earn their star.  The question was not if you were going to earn your star (for the appropriate topic), but WHEN you were going to earn the star.  Those students who earned their star early on were asked to mentor and help their fellow classmates out so they too could earn their star.  While at times management of the system became a challenge, the initial structure held and the culture was established.

Since participation and speaking Japanese in class was a key trait that I wanted students to develop, students could earn stickers for their involvement with the class.  Twenty stickers collected, students would then earn their belt (a colored strip of paper) indicating their rank.  Loosely based on the karate belting system, the idea was that the more practice that you completed, the higher rank you could attain.  In general, the system allowed students to help self-monitor their classroom participation and skill level in class.

Name tag (back) Homework-side

The preparation for class and homework sheet was another way of providing individual feedback in an analog info-graphic type form.  Students could easily check with a quick glance if they had been consistent with their homework completion.  I could congratulate students for having consistent lines of stickers, or ask students about the patterns that they noticed if the homework completion was not as consistent.

Where I was

With the star system, the questions that were being answered were similar to the following:

What do we want kids to learn?  What are the goals?  What is the content?

One downside with the star system, was the focus on the content.

Where I want to be

In the future, I want to be able to connect more with the student and their needs.  It would be nice to have an independent study component where students could earn specific badges for their efforts outside of class.  For example there could be a badge for taking swim lessons in Japanese, or a badge for talking to a friend or relative in Japanese (via Skype, on the phone, or in person).

I would like to focus on student leaders/mentors and develop those roles.  With students better equipped to create useful videos that I could share with other classes, I was able to share much more between classes than I had been able to do in previous years.  While student role-models and the student ability to impact the learning of students outside of their own Japanese class was definitely apparent, I did not get to the point where I could properly recognize those students for their contributions.  Students were given feedback at times about their projects via handwritten post-it notes.

Below is the list that Stackoverflow has to offer to its users.  It is a comprehensive list with a unique angle on the badge titles.

Extensive list of badges

Representing core practices within the community

Using our current mission statement as a guide, perhaps “stars” or badges could be included for the students attaining goals or showing exemplary behavior as these type of learners:

Compassionate

Inquisitive

Globally responsible
learners prepared for global responsibility

As I come to the close of one chapter and I am about to start another journey at my new school, I look forward to learning more about the core practices and beliefs of RIS.  Starting my acquisition with a new language, I may have to come up with my own personal badge system to help keep track of my language learning.  But regardless of whether or not a badge system is currently in place at my new elementary school, I am excited to become an active part of a new learning community.

Permanent link to this article: http://www.coetail.com/dimanishi/2012/06/09/course-4-week-5/

Jun 09

Course 4 week 4-Game Based Learning

Big ball relay

Big Ball Relay---The object: roll a huge ball down the field and back with your partner as fast as you can without rolling over your teammates or getting "rolled" by the ball

Let the games begin…

Aka ganbatte (Go red team), Shiro ganbatte (Go white team)

Play hard

Play fair

Nobody hurt

These are the simple rules from the Japanese Sports Day event that happens in the elementary school every October.  Who wins or loses is not the important part of the day.  The important part is students doing their best to compete in order to bring out the best from their fellow classmates.  Every year, kids, faculty, and parents have a fun-filled, memorable event on this day.

Whether it be a physical game, a quiz game, a card game, an online game (the list goes on), when designed and implemented correctly, games are fun, motivating and engaging for students.  And yes, learning takes place.

I thank my colleague, Machi Nakamura for sharing with me a fun listening comprehension game used to reinforce the vocabulary for family members, and the counter for people.  This is how the game is set-up.  Multiple “families” are illustrated on strips of construction paper that has been laminated in order to take the abuse that usually occurs  due to overly excited students.  One family might have mom, dad, two older sisters, one older brother and me/I.  Another family might have mom, dad, one younger sister and me/I.  The teacher starts the game by describing who is in the family.  Students listen closely and once they have enough information, they reach for the illustration that matches the description.  The quickest student to touch the correct illustration wins that card.  Below is a picture of some students playing the “family” game.

DSC_1279

Listening comprehension game-Listen to the family being described and then be the first one to grab the corresponding picture

Set up at the beginning of the game with the basic rules, students are provided an engaging listening activity that is relatively low risk for students to practice their listening comprehension.

Nobody hurt

Important when including games in the classroom is to make sure the level is appropriate for each learner.  Does the student think that they will be able to adequately perform?  There needs to be enough of a challenge without the task feeling too overwhelming.  Grouping the students with similar abilities helps challenge kids appropriately without feeling overwhelmed.

Like the popular game, Angry Birds, the replay button is easy to find.  Also, as you get better at toppling over the different structures, you unlock levels that get increasingly more difficult.

With Angry Birds, the replay button is large and at the top of the control buttons

With the game, students should have many opportunities to practice.  Also, all students should experience some degree of accomplishment.  Since it is a competitive game, it might be important for the teacher to have only certain groups of students participate until all students have at least one card.  If students are able to, they could be asked to describe the family in Japanese in order to “keep” the card.

Angry Bird-sensei

Aaron Biebert has a great post entitled, 12 Most Surprising Leadership Lessons Learned from Playing Angry Birds, Biebert writes:

The Angry Birds game has been downloaded over 300,000,000 times and more than 100,000,000,000 angry birds have been shot through the air.  That’s a lot!  In fact, every day people spend over 200,000,000 minutes playing this addictive game.

That is a lot of game time.  I have played Angry Birds and it is not easy–especially when you get to the higher levels.  That doesn’t stop my two boys (kindergarten and second grade) from playing the game, however.  I recognize their achievements with the game.  So despite the increasing level of difficulty, the draw and structure of the game nurtured their growth.

While leadership is included in the title, I believe students can relate to and take away similar lessons from the game.  Dr. Angela Duckworth, Assistant Professor of Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania once wrote the following:

learning is hard. True, learning is fun, exhilarating and gratifying — but it is also often daunting, exhausting and sometimes discouraging. . . .

For many, learning another language, especially Japanese can be a daunting challenge.  Emphasizing the fun and “hooking” the students into practice helps build the skills necessary for overcoming the challenges.  Cultivating the trait of grit in students is one overarching goal that I have for students in my class.

Because I believe in the power of games and I am excited about the possibilities that today’s technology has to offer, I have spent a considerable number of hours researching, investigating,  and testing applications useful in the Japanese classroom.  Below are a few of my favorite applications for the iPhone or iPad.

Kids Fun-Touch the hiragana characters in the correct order to spell out the name of the object. The characters form the word and then a kid's voice pronounces the word.

Hiragana Trace-Practice writing the hiragana characters (katakana trace also available). Make sure you write with the correct stroke order in order to advance to the next character

 

 

Japanese My Way-Practice reading/writing hiragana, katakana, and kanji with or without the tracing guide. Dictionary and flash card generator also available.

These games have definitely been a motivator for students.  What is even more exciting than the impact in the classroom is what has happened outside of the classroom.   There were several students (or their parents) that  downloaded these applications to their own devices.  With this occurring, students were making use of their commute time and other time outside of class to strengthen and improve their language skills.  It was fun, engaging, and self-directed.  This year, I even had one first grader move ahead of the class and learn katakana in addition to hiragana–wow!

DSC_4901

Original board game (#1) designed by a student

For an advanced non-native Japanese class in the fourth grade, students went a step beyond game playing and into game designing.  Students learned vocabulary related to game playing, designed and created their original board game, and then played (in Japanese) with their classmates.  Here are a few students examples.  

DSC_4902

Original game (#2) designed by a student

Next year as fifth graders, the students will once again bring out their game boards to review their game playing vocabulary in preparation for the fifth grade exchange visit with Katoh Gakuen.   For the next school year (and beyond) I encourage my students to keep “game playing” and follow the simple rules from Japanese Sports Day–

Play hard

Play fair

Nobody hurt

We did it!

Permanent link to this article: http://www.coetail.com/dimanishi/2012/06/09/course-4-week-4/

Oct 16

Geeking Out and Speed Geeking

It was an inspiring weekend, participating in the 2-day workshop, “The Networked Educator”. There was a wealth of information and resources that flowed on the first day. Thank you Kim and Chris for organizing and running the event. I appreciated the second day of the workshop to help solidify the learning from day one and also to help clarify and try out some of the ideas.
At the workshop, I experienced Speed Geeking for the first time. Not only was it informative, but also it was fast-paced, and a little exciting. (Am I getting a little too geeky now?) The set-up was a little like surfing the web. I could have just typed in “IT that can help me in the classroom” into the search engine window and it would have pulled-up a page view of different links. With speed geeking, I had real people, who were armed with laptops sharing their expertise and advice about their application of technology to education. I learned about Wolfram online computative system, Wiki’s used in the classroom, iPad projects for lower-elementary students, and more. The list continues on and with IT now, I can go to the shared document to refresh my memory about the presentations and tap back into the notes and links posted. The connections made in this brief speed geeking session were not longer than a few minutes, but with today’s technology I can strengthen the learning from particular sessions by reading the presenter’s blog or connecting via Twitter. On a tangent, but related to my learning from Speed Geeking, I was reading about the features for the soon to be released iPhone 5. It mentions that one of the new features of the phone will be the ability to directly connect to Wolfram. While I am not especially a fan of Wolfram, it is interesting that once you do get “networked”, certain topics or bits of information surface up in different areas–a news article, a Tweet, a blog post, etc.

This euphoria from learning a new thing about technology was a motivational moment for me. It reminded me of a time my 5-year old son just recently discovered how to download an app[ ] lication from the iPad. I had recently downloaded an application and my son had gotten his hands on the iPad before the 15-minute window expired. Whether he planned it or not, he went for the flying game and in a few minutes he cried out, “Dad, I downloaded a game!”. He was excited and proud of his accomplishment. I couldn’t really get mad at the boy for successfully navigating the iTunes store and finding a game that he found interesting. I asked him, “How did you do that?”. He showed me the process and then later exclaimed, “I am a genius!”. It was a classic moment. But what does this show, it shows that 5-year old boy is motivated to get tech saavy and he feels rewarded when he learns a new skill. Way to geek out, son!

Permanent link to this article: http://www.coetail.com/dimanishi/2011/10/16/geeking-out-and-speed-geeking/