2PBLs and CBL
For me, Project-based learning has got all of the essence of problem-based learning and challenged-based learning. To make it simple, all of the challenging issues in this world or problems relevant to human-beings or this planet could easily bring up projects to be taken actions for otherwise they would disturb our ways of living or lives themselves in unsorted ways.
They are normally unprecedented or unexpected events, which would let us think ahead and be proactive for any sorts of circumstances or situations. If all of those three instructional methods are chronically looked at, problem-based learning(1960s) comes first, and challenged-based learning(2009) is followed after project-based learning(1990s).
The basic needs for societies as problem-solving strategies
Although I learn that the pedagogy of those three instructional methods is independent of each other, the fundamental educational needs for human-beings in the 21st century would not be so much different from those of the past if we consider what we would need to learn for living on this planet.
All surrounding environment where we live always have some sorts of problems such as economic issues, political issues, environmental issues, educational issues, medical issues, family issues, which we could not pass through and ignore them. Even working in companies could relate to solving problems in/outside companies, which would let them make money instead. Companies exist or are prosperous in this world because there are so many demands or requests by audiences (or customers), which could be challenged by innovators or inventors or creators or producers to meet their needs.
Companies always look for people, whose ideas are so creative or innovative and they want to employ people, who could find solutions to day-by-day problems(usually cost effective/efficient performance/management in proportion to attractive products or innovative plans)and look for more advanced strategies.
I learn from the quote by Keisuke Honda
One sentence coming up to my mind is ‘Be prepared and have no regrets’, which was commented by Keisuke Honda as the Japanese professional football player when he was interviewed after the winning match.
He said that “ the everything is the preparation”. All the difficult path to get to that point goes back to the preparation for that winning tournament.
In my impression, since no ones ever expected Japan team to be a winner of AFC Asian Cup in 2011, few people were interested in the competition at first. For us, it was unprecedented winning outcome, yet for professionals, they believed in themselves what they had prepared for the competition.
What Mr Honda Keisuke means to say by ‘the preparation is the everything’, he simulated his winning scenario, and he prepared for it step by step to be close to his scheme or strategy as much as possible. This sounds like a project-based learning leading to a challenged-based learning and a problem-based learning since he challenged seemingly an incredible project to have lead to winning the match.
In his vision, winning the match was possible thing since he had prepared everything for the hypothetical winning match as much as possible. The concept of challenged-based learning is to tackle with the real world issues collaborating with in/outsiders even if they look overwhelming or impossible to be achieved so that challenged-based learning has to be a project or big scheme, which should be organized, implemented and reflected in limited time.
When Mr Honda Keisuke mentioned ‘the preparation’, I imagined he had had a big plan or project in his mind, which probably was shared with his teammates. Even for the strategies we would have to think of when real-world problems are needed to be solved. The actual solutions that all well-known professionals in all sorts of areas had taken would help learners to find their own strategies.
Project X: Challengers by NHK
This reminds me of ‘Poject X’ as TV documentary program on air every week produced by NHK almost 10 years ago. The program was quite popular among audiences, and I am sure it was one of the greatest hits or phenomenal documentaries welcomed by TV watchers.
It was the program that how people working in a company challenged or overcame the difficult time/tasks to keep the company going. Within the documentary non-fiction drama, sometimes an ordinary employee of that company was the hero since he saved his company in his innovative way, and in the other week, CEO was the hero, who invented a phenomenal product. Any members of various companies could have become heros in each week to have challenged the difficult time within the ‘Project X’. No matter who they are. CEOs, researchers, mechanics, manufactures. This program showed us the whole drama of various projects, which eventually went into success stories although there were trials and errors.
Problem-based learning is not as realistic as challenged-based learning so that learners would not get pressured to get motivated. Project-based learning within the framework to challenge the unprecedented/unexpected problems would make learners be confident to solve the problems easily since they have got so many realistic and tactic experiences.
- ‘Ingo Gunther, The Participation Revolution’ posted by AlphachimpStudio Peter DurandOn August 7, 2009. Flicker. Online. Flicker. May 2012.
‘009/365: on Opening of Asia Cup 2011′ posted by Najwa Marafie – Free Photographer ŇÄĵŵÅ Ă. Мǻŗǻƒįę. On January 7, 2011 in Al Aziziya, Al Rayyan, QA. Flicker. Online. Flicker. May 2012.