Reflection on Course 2 Final Project (Five Laws of Nonprint and Multimedia Resources)

Here is my final project.

Motivation

Since we knew we were moving to our new library in a month, we have weeded so many books since the last school year to get ready for this year’s big movement. As we don’t want to bring over any library resources, which are no longer suitable to our updated collections, to our new library, the evaluation of our resources were one of our big assignments before the moving day. One of our collections; non fiction area is mainly utilized by teachers for their classroom use. Not many students and parents do check out non fiction resources.

Facts

Attribution: By unit_editions. No real name given on Flicker. Image: 'Fact: Designed by Herb Lubalin'.

Certainly picture books and chapter fictions are popular categories. However once IPC topics are studied within their classes, some of students start showing their interest in non fiction books relating to the topic and so do parents although that category is still not as popular as that of fiction books.

One day I saw students come to our library to do some research about samurai.

Hijikata Toshizo

Attribution: By algrennathan Philip De Sesto. Image: Hijikata Toshizo as the vice-commander of the Shinsengumi.

Although we have physical book collections for Japanese culture in English, there are not enough collections for them to find out the specific particular topic about Japanese culture. What we have in physical formats are books covering the general topic of Japanese culture. In this case, what we could do is to guide them to look for the most updated, specifically data found through the internet. Hence I encouraged them to refer such information to the online resources via search engine tools, which we have been subscribing since I assume that they provide us the most recent or the most updated information, which electrical publishers monitor.

Not only Japanese culture topic but also other non fictional topics, about which they want to find out I recommend that students should go online since those information could be very transformative especially if they want to find out the statistics or any other scientific facts/data.

Non-print materials or multimedia resources

Attribution: Myths and Mirrors Community Arts on Flicker. Image: mythslogo0 copy

This is the part of reasons why we weeded so many out of dated non fiction books this/last school years before we move to our new library.

After the clearance, I can see now that we only have the limited or minimum collections of that category. We try to keep books, whose information could be sustainable enough to stay. However this area will be a big challenging area for especially the 21st century since nowadays we have and rely on so much on/off line non-print and multimedia information. They certainly do on-line research more than ever since all in-print published physical non-fiction books could be less reliable resources than electrical materials in terms of ‘on live’ format due to the constant variable scientific information in this world, and I have realized we do not have any specific guidelines for those non-print and multimedia resources.

Simple is the Best.

In fact, I wanted to join in ISSH group of COETAILers, whose project was about creating the publication policy for our school. However I missed the very important meeting, where most of the content had been done. That meeting was something you could not have missed if you had wanted to be a part of it. Although I gave up joining in the team, Gary and Mitch showed me kindly what they had done so far for their project.

Soon after I looked at the draft, I loved the way they had done it. The guidelines created in their publication policy looked simple enough for students to understand and apply to their hyper-online lives. The simple is the best, yet I know that to make it simple is the most difficult thing. What I came up to my mind was ‘five laws of library science’ by S. R. Ranganathan in 1931. These laws have been appealing and attracting to me since I took the qualification of a librarian, and they are dynamic enough to be adaptable to this digital information society too.

What I did was Remix.

The course 2 was all about learning the relation of intellectual property and its effect/cause on the society. In particular the copyright and the fair use were the issues of this course2 theme. We had the workshop last Saturday, and Madeline in our table mentioned her very interesting comment on the copy right issue.

‘From right from the start, our constitutional laws in all kinds of nations have been more or less influenced by each other…This is a kind of remix.’

Her mention also reminds me of my insight into Japan, which has been influenced by so many countries such as China, European countries and USA.

The original: Magna Carta

Attribution: By How I See Life No real name given on Flicker. Image: Magna Carta

The big turning point, to which our Japanese society now could attribute was the shift from Edo period to Meiji era, and our constitution has been influenced by the legal policies of German, French and American societies since Meiji. It was certainly around that time Japan had started realizing its modernism. I created ISSH Library Media Center’s Policies for Dealing with On/Offline Nonprint and Multimedia Materials (For Faculties) thanks to so many already existing policies/guidelines/laws, which were good examples to instruct or guide me to create another policy.

Since our library media center’s policy needs to be adhered to our school policy, I collaborated ‘five laws of library science’ with the policy for dealing with on/offline nonprint and multimedia materials, which I referred to guidelines by NCTE(National Council of Teachers of English). The mixture of five laws of library science and guidelines by NCTE were then integrated with our school goals(,in particular, Goal Two). I revised, ‘remixed’ and (re)created policy, which was categorized into elements of our school goals(Goal Two). In this way our library media center’s policy can always go back and forth to our school goals.

Confronting Challenging Missions

I have created this for our library media center getting ready for more expected incoming multimedia resources for the coming age, yet at the same time I have realized that implementing NO.5 guideline is challenging as to how effectively or efficiently they could be monitored and reassessed. I hope that ‘five laws of ‘nonprint and multimedia resources’(replaced by ‘five laws of library science’) could be dynamic enough to cover all presumed aspects of media and communication in the 21st century.

Pocket Monsters, AKB48 and Tribes

Image: Flicker CC Pokemon via 'search for images on FlickerCC '. The attribution comes from 'Piplup, Pikachu and Charmander welcome you into+the+store'

Attribution: By mutantlog Ryan Bayne on Flicker. Image: Piplup, Pikachu and Charmander welcome you into+the+store'

As soon as I learned about the concept of a tribe, AKB48 and Pocket Monsters came up to my mind that they have gained popularity because of that idea behind it. The origin of Pocket Monsters, whose concept and cultural products had been developed by Satoshi Tajiri was introduced to the game industry in 1996, and since then thanks to the media and communication they have attracted consumers all around the world in various forms of media since 1996. All kinds of pocket monsters refer to more than 670 characteristic animate lives or tribes, which seem to be idols raised by their fans, who enjoy sharing their own pocket monsters with each other via playing game.

AKB48 via Flicker CC

Attribution: By kalleboo Karl Baron. Image: 'Got my 2010 Weekly Calendar'.

Similarly AKB48 is one of Japanese idol groups, which was produced in 2005 by Yasushi Akimoto, who seems to have conceptualized how the group could become as popular as they are now.

Attribution: By PhOtOnQuAnTiQuE PhOtOnQuAnTiQuE on Flicker. Image: PhotonQ-Seth Godin on the power of Tribes.

However both idols are different from any kinds of objects, to which ‘a tribe’ attributes in the sense that the former is driven by the business of media entertainment whereas making a profits is not any incentives for the prosperity of the latter. Have Mr. Akimoto and Mr. Tajiri already recognized such difference in the first place? Have they exploited the concept of a tribe as the secret code before they started selling their ideological entities to the market? Have two of them(, whom their followers or fans see as their leaders) been made into a tribe(, which is a group of people sharing the same concern or passion) by their fans or tribe? Have they anticipated that their idols would drive our culture dramatically?

My personal interview with people, who more or less have been interested in Pocket Monsters since 1996 was about their direct feedback of those (intellectual)entities’ popularity. One lady said to me that ‘Pikachu( one of tribes of Pocket Monsters) is so adorable

Attribution:By satanslaundromat No real name given on Flicker. Image: 'Pikachu'.

animate life that I could tell why its popularity has dominated the public.’  The other lady said that ‘the popularity does not lie in its movie or graphic animation but its additional supplements such as collecting information, playing game, exchanging cards and raising their own only one Pocket Monsters.’ Pocket Monsters appear to be the media themselves that connect people since they are incomplete animate characters, whose values could be attached or arranged by their followers or fans. They even don’t need any promoters to be introduced or addressed to the public because Pocket Monsters make their fans proactive.  Since it is said that the popularity gets bigger and bigger by word of mouth, the followers or tribes of Pocket Monsters could play a role of the most efficient advertisers. According to the book called ‘The secret’by Rhonda Byrne, the universal law is that as long as the concept attracts people, the followers of the ideology seem to go for it and it does not matter even if the idea attributes to its non/profit organization.

Thanks to the hyper-linked society there are all media ready for any possible ideas to be spread over to the public more quickly than ever, and the idea itself will be selected and evaluated by each follower more directly, spontaneously and simultaneously. My personal thought on contributors such as Mr Akimoto and Mr Tajiri to this information society is that they seem to know how communication tools could aid people to share their interests in cultural entities and inspire their imagination.

In 2011, Mr. Akimoto released his press conference that the concept of AKB48 as a product was going to be sold to other countries, one of which was Jacarta. He has already created the group called JKT48 in Indonesia. In addition to JKT, SKE(based at Nagoya in Japan), NMB(based at Osaka in Japan) and  HKT(based at Kyushu/Fukuoka in Japan) tribes had followed AKB48 one after another.

I think this phenomenon reflects the present social network community itself in the way that sharing each other’s view online (in the social network sites) happens in offline communities (in the physical communities) as well. Tribes as the fans and the leaders are the media that could share their views and create something together, which tell me that each of us is after all an essential unique communication tool or device to deliver or influence his/her view to his/her follower one after another.

Intuition

No matter how closer to the information we are now today than the past through the web, it is still likely to be our intuition that we rely on to get relevant information in the most efficient /productive /qualitative way.

'The Unwinding of the Cosmic Clock Spring' by esaruoho

Attribution: By esaruoho on Flicker. Image: No. 3 of Harp String Series - The Unwinding of the Cosmic Clock Spring.

We cannot simply rely on the web as the best tool to reach out to the exact point that you truly would strive for. No matter how much information you see on the web, it is ourselves who select and think critically which data or even which tool/s is/are crucial for our best needs.

Almost two decades ago, one of the topics covered in educational text books was how to manage quantitative information and everyone was concerned about what would realistically look like for us to live in the age of information era. Especially no ones could give the right answer to that question at that time since what we have now today as our present efficient communication tools were unrealistically unattainable commodities, which were made in inapplicable wish-list for our house hold appliances at that time. How many people at that time could actually imagine today’s reality, where we have mobile phones, which are smart enough to give us instant information spontaneously/simultaneously or connect each of us with other people whenever/wherever/however we want in our hands? This leads to another question, which is that to what extent human-beings have capabilities to deal with or enjoy so much information or many social relationships in all media.

Because of the technological invention, we do have so many accessible and available ways to get to the information in this world, and we should be much easier to handle quantitative information, yet the truth is that the more convenient it becomes for us to reach out to the information, the much closer it approaches us autonomously. We do not want to be overwhelmed by such information, and thus the skill to deal with it has been noted to people since then.

The article of ‘ Six Degree of Separation’ makes me think this point further that although we cannot tell how it comes to the clear point that we know by any chance how to access to the best information we want at any stages, we never seem to be completely overwhelmed by or trapped by tons of information. The interesting point, which appeals to me is that the more information there are out, the less time you tend to spend to reach out to the exact info you need. This is nothing logically or mathematically explainable, yet it appears to be that something unstructured is happening as the information grows.

Since our society is what is called postmodernism, this world is now growing or evolving from the bottom without any acknowledged framework, and we are moving towards the unpredictable direction of  ‘being continued….’, which has no goal set.

Attribution: By BhumiJoshi on Flicker. Image: Inspiration Pics.

There are no maps on our hands to search the most relevant information for us, yet we are managing ourselves somehow to find or select the best materials for our best needs in spite of other flowing (sometimes distracting) information. When we want to find the information, we rely on the media, yet we still rely on ourselves to select and do the information processing inside or outside of ourselves.

The technology always helps us to organize the flow of information for our best comfort, yet it is actually each of us who manages the loads of information somehow. We are capable of ignoring irrelevant information, skimming the data and picking up the most relevant information, and this is not the same way as the computer process does for us. This unpredictable way for us to look at the flow of information inside of our brain might reflect on who we are now. It is not a matter of how much the information is flowing but that of how we perceive it. We are living in such a hyper-connected information society, yet all the information does not distract you from finding the right one since you are the best person to know what you need or not, which is applied to your inspiration or intuition.

We are driving this digital world!

Our Common Senses

More or less I think we are driving this virtual society, where our common understanding in this real world is getting confused or misinterpreted.

Common sense relating to IOSH.

Attribution: By Solutions-IMS, Image: Common sense relating to IOSH.

Generally speaking, our common sense( or etiquette) as to what we feel good for or bad for about are our sharing concerns or views, and nothing would be inapplicable to this digital society. Anything ethical matters among our human-beings are unchangeable no matter how evolving we are meant to be as long as we have emotions in ourselves. Basically wherever/whenever/however you live in this world, you have the same fundamental feelings as human-beings. We know how you feel happy/unhappy, pleased/sad, calm/angry and sick/healthy. Such emotional status or even those adjective definitions would not change at all even if we are involved in the cyberspace, where digital format dominates this society.

Human Brain Computation

Being responsible digital citizenship therefore refers to being responsible analog citizenship(,about which one of YIS COETAILers mentioned at the workshop held on Nov,2011 although I could not remember who s/he was), and the ethical attitudes of human beings should not be affected by this digital world although it could distract people from thinking what it is/n’t real on/offline due to the technological advancement just like a virtual and an augmented reality, where we live.

Human brain

Attribution: akio@flickr on Flicker, Image: 'What!' Energy, Brain Diversities and Application of Computation, visualization.

No matter how developed all digital facilities/equipments such as 3D visual aids, interactive communication tools and games are, they could not compete with the mechanism of our brains. According to Yoichi Sato in his book ‘Introduction to Reading in Scientific English’ by ALC press in 2007,

  ‘Computers consist of a large number of fast, simple devices. Each device follows logics and works reliably and consistently…..Human brain computation is very different from the precise, logic-driven computer systems. It is performed by a large number of nervous systems called neurons. The neurons form slow and complex nervous systems that make computations through electrical and chemical interactions. The performance of the biological computation results from billions of neural cells and the highly parallel system. Though the full story of the human computation process is not known yet, it is certainly not binary logic.’

 

We can infer from those quotes that human brain’s system is far from computer’s one, which relies on its simpler binary logic than the parallel mechanism of human-brain. It is still mystery part of our body for even scientists to uncover all unknown areas of human-brains, thanks to which we can be ethically thinkable organisms.

Misinterpretation

I think such inherent characters of computing system affect our misunderstanding that what we believe in this real world get mixed up with what we trust or not in this online world, which particularly refers to side-effects or risks of cyberspace( such as ‘identity, privacy, authorship, credibility, and participation’ in Our Space: Being a responsible Citizen of the Digital World). If we could not believe ourselves in this real world, there are nothing we could trust each other online world as well. That is to say, the computer is just another tool, which would not affect our own ethical values and its trustworthiness reflects on the offline one too. Hence our ethical issues (over the social network sites) such as copyrights; intellectual property; cyber-bullying cannot be separated from the regime of offline world since they have not been caused by the technological development of cyberspace.

Who is responsible for this digital society?

Moreover as I remember the computer programmer’s quote on TV news ; ‘a computer is initially a fool tool so that you have to re-make it available to be efficiently used for you’, it is something that human-beings could make it more responsible item in all aspects. To put it another way, it is our responsibility to control this cyberspace, with which our continuous self-educating efforts for those subjects should be engaged so that we could not misinterpret that it is not digital society but ourselves that run this virtual/real society.

Since we owe so many benefits or indispensable possibilities/potentials (, which refer to ‘affiliations, expressions, collaborative problem-solving, circulations’ written in an occasional paper on a digital media and learning )to such development, they will certainly serve our community timelessly unless any other replacements could appear. All discourses (including collaborative ideas, innovative thoughts and problems solving conversations/interactions )expressed/created on line will be more valued and more represented as we become more conscious of or pay attention to being responsible for what we do online.

The Ideological Gap Between Human-beings and Computers

Intellectual Property/Copyright V.S Our Wisdom(Ideology)

It seems to me that library is not a museum but a place for users to enjoy in/visible intellectual property as much as possible.

Five Laws of library science’ by Ranganathan Shiyali Ramamrita(1892-1972) are as follow.

  1. Books are for use.
  2. Every reader his [or her] book.
  3. Every book its reader.
  4. Save the time of the reader.
  5. The library is a growing organism.

This is one of my favorite fundamental philosophy or ideology(mission statements) of library subject. These laws are applicable to the ones in this century if we look at what Seiter writes in her book, The internet playground, Seiter(2005). She says

“ The internet is more like a mall than a library; it resembles a gigantic public relations collection more than it does an archive of scholars”.

This is my view that if books can be replaced by all virtual entities(digital information) acquired via media within cyberspace, laws of intellectual property and copyrights have to be kept challenging by our wisdom more than ever.

Intellectual Property

Attribution: By books live; Ben Williams on Flicker. Image: From Edison to iPod.

Yes, all laws of intellectual property rights and copyrights are relied on our thinking process.

Tangible Human Beings V.S Intangible Attributions

It is or will be a big problem if users step beyond those laws, and we have to know that lawyers are interested in not the content of information you get through the hyper-connected line or space but where you actually find and own it for your property when it comes to those issues.  Since there are no more definitions of primary source, secondary source and tertiary source in the regime of cyberspace compared to off-line world, the original sources of all digital in/visible products or materials gained or created through the on-line system are hardly attributable to due to the inherent mechanic system of computers, where information cannot simply belong to anywhere.

Since human-beings are tangible living things under the big assumption that we should or could in some way find or detect those sources (or originals), and so are lawyers, there are ideological gaps among computers(autonomous artificial intelligence), digital consumers/citizens including lawyers/prosecutors and policy-makers. The computer scientists do regard this fact not as ‘a mistake or deficiency’ but as something, which ‘we have worked so hard to become so’ thanks to the development of IT(Information Technology) according to Ansuz’s view. It is apparent that we should not assume or take it granted for the way that we used to manage or know how to find tangible attributions to the location of original information just like before the advent of this hyper-connected society. Such complicated or intangible reason behind this fact can be referred to the following passage by Ansuz.

 ‘If I add 39 plus 3 and get 42, and you do the same thing, there is no way that “my” 42 can be said to be different from “your” 42.  Given two bit-for-bit identical MP3 files, there is no meaningful (to a computer scientist) way to say that one is a recording of the Cage composition and the other one isn’t.  There would be no way to test one of the files and see which one it was, because they are actually the same file.’

 He actually pointed out and tried to explain how hard it is to locate and find the authentic/original record /file of the composition, whose music Ansuz’s friend would like to compress with MP3 compressor. There are so many identical records within hyper-connected society, which we assume should be exactly the same, yet are not really the same ones according to the mechanic system of computer.

Insufficient Ideological Infrastructures of Intellectual Property and Copyrights

 All matters of copyrights and intellectual property are part of or result from ideological products, which our countries or political institutions (and each citizen) have mainly established. That is to say, those conceptions or definitions of copyrights and intellectual property have been made, reviewed and revised by policy-makers according as our needs grow to be caught up with the technological development. However the infrastructure for us to live with those rights are incomplete and have so many deficiencies.

Even if we try to look at an innovative side of those laws as one of the global projects : creative commons, which is something intellectual activity or an effort of human beings in this century, you could see some fights over ‘who is responsible for the image?’among Flickr Group ; Creative Commons ; a photographer ; Virgin Mobile ad, which can be referred to the article ‘Suit exposes flaws in Creative Commons’ .

Since the economic depression in the last few years, there are more people to utilize or come to library physically/digitally in Japan, where they could enjoy intellectual resources (on/off line materials) since it is actually more cost-effective or free for them to search and get information from library than profit organizations (on/off line book or media-audio-shops). Thanks to the development of our society/culture, you could find many public libraries, where citizens are welcome to be main users. Public libraries in Japan are supervised under the ‘Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology’, which makes the overall of ‘Fundamental Laws of Education’ although local public body has more authorities over its own regulations (systems )or laws. Every citizen in our democratic society has his/her right to access /enjoy information, and to pursue or promote his/her autonomous self-directing lifelong learning.

As long as the state has such an ideology to encourage every citizen to enjoy all the information via media, those intellectual property sides of laws need to be renovated or re-established upon the certain understanding of the fact that we are not the same mechanism of computers(artificial intelligent), and completely different styles of such laws, which could challenge the present ‘copyright laws’ and enforce the idea of ‘fair use’  need to be established and implemented.

Privacy online and your dignity

According to ‘Beware: the internet could own your future’ written by Husna Najand,

……However changing our mentality is even more important.  We have come to a point where Internet privacy rights are eroding while simultaneously, the line between our private lives and the public persona are blurring. The image you project in a proper business suit to potential employers is one thing and your Facebook profile picture may reveal something else.

Overall freedom expression (how you want to present or express yourself to the business-like public)against individual right to privacy( how you don’t want the public to be informed of officially or how you want to present or express yourself only to your private network) can be seen in this topic. In the first place, does privacy exist in this hyper-connected world anyway?

I am sure this does not ,in particular, for celebrities, who are always exposed to the public(or the media) even if they still do not want to. I personally think more or less they have already been ready for it or in some cases they take advantage of it before they begin with their careers since that could be a part of what they are doing for their audiences or customers. Their performances or reactions to the public and media could be good model cases.

Then how about just ordinary or shy people, who have not been ready for what they would confront with if their regular lives were suddenly exposed to the public or the media without any information beforehand unless they intend to advertise themselves? The whole point is that we have already been exposed to the public or media anyway in analogy with to the air.

Surveillance cameras are attached to the public place. All bank cash/credit cards are transmitted. I am sure it is getting both easier and even more difficult for the police to chase after criminals’ footprints due to the in/visibility of this hyper-connected society. (Invisibility refers to the public persona and so does visibility to the private.)

The second point could refer to Max Mosley’s comment written in the article called ‘privacy matters’ by BBC.

If someone takes away your dignity,” as he puts it, “you will never replace it.”

Although this point made by BBC might be a bit far from the issue of privacy online( since BBC does not necessarily confine to ‘online’, and does include the issued tabloid newspapers), it could also explain the reason behind the everything we value privacy. It is all about how to protect your dignity. I have been thinking of why and what the privacy online matters to us.

We all know by now that there are certain types of myths or pre-conceptions that being online could possibly take kids to risky uncontrollable areas, which might facilitate ‘an epidemic of sex crimes against youth’ although the chances are low. On the other hand, Husna Najand says our private information is not as respectful as what it used to be. The default privacy setting of Facebook is certainly getting more permissive. Najand’s article could tell us how the notion of privacy has been changed. Blindly or unconsciously it has been changed to or shifted to the idea or value of sharing.

Other than customizing setting modes to your comfort level, is it time for us to think about the way to protect our dignity as we also enjoy those social networking sites?

Globalization (Cyberspace) and Risk

As you can see in Virtual job-hunting: Technology fills situations vacant by Rory Cellan-Jones technology correspondent, BBC News,


We all know that how convenient or efficient in terms of time, cost and space it is for both employers and employees to make the best use of social network services as recruiting methods.

On the other hand I have been thinking of how risky or harmful it is for us to live in this cyberspace society if you like it or not. We even don’t choose to live in such a society, yet this is something we have to accept to live with. In other words, this cyberspace age can be something as surprising or unprecedented as enlightenment age and industrial revolution.

Then the risk management would be a crucial thing to get prepared for this coming age. However as I am so amateur about this, this highlights so many savvy areas, in which I have already seem to have involved without realizing it. (I have to admit that more or less I have already expected to see risky sides of cyberspace, yet I have been tamed to use all technological tools  as everyone uses them and so do I although I am not ready for using social network services of Facebooks and LinkedIn.)

The problem is that all technological equipments/tools (network devices) relating to cyberspace are too invisible or blind to feel confident in controlling them by oneself. I am so used to using them before I really understand them.

How could one be so responsible for those devices if you don’t know them really well? To make the best use of it requires the problem-solving skill to overcome unexpected troubles, whose infrastructure could relate to one’s familiarity with the mechanism of computer science or any relevant engineering area, which should be learnt by all people (just like the process of getting a driver license for example). This might solve all problems resulting from side-effects of constantly evolving cyberspace community world.

According to Maggie Shiels as technology reporter, BBC News, Silicon Valley

 ‘The targeted attack used by hackers to compromise e-mail accounts of top US officials is reaching ‘epidemic’ proportions, say security experts.’

Moreover she describes how easy it is to access to digital citizen’s personal accounts(with my emphasis).

‘Security experts said spear phishing attacks were easy to perpetrate because of the amount of information people put on the internet about themselves on social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter……..

The mountain of data lets canny hackers piece together enough information to make e-mails they concoct appear convincing and genuine…………….In this attack, some Gmail users received a message that looked like it came from a work colleague or was linked to a work project.’

Once we become owners of some property, they have to be looked after. This sometimes results in extra money, time and attention. Our essential tools to live with now have been added by invisible entities (such as e-mails, social networking sites and other social activities) within cyberspace. They all include individual accounts, which could identify yourself to be approved of prior to accessing the door to as if contracted cyber formats of organizations.

Even if you visit off-line social places, specific public areas (for example, age restricted public places, embarkation procedure, and duty shops outside of your own country) would ask you to show your ID (such as driver license, health insurance and passport), which would be no longer physical entities anymore but digitally tracked. We cannot avoid from being a part of digital worlds, and our records have been kept without knowing them fully enough for you to oversee, yet no ones care for how your private information has been protected. It seems to be only yourself who could take care of it with your full control.